This how-to is essentially the same as my previous one, only this time I’ve provided step-by-step instructions for installing Django with PostgreSQL on Ubuntu 7.10.
First and foremost, we are going to install Django from its svn repository, as opposed to obtaining the 0.96 release archive. The reason for this is that the trunk version implements a few new features. The development code is also rather stable and used by most people in production mode, even for sites like the Washington Post.
sudo apt-get install subversion
svn co http://code.djangoproject.com/svn/django/trunk django_trunk
Tell Python where Django is
Ubuntu already ships with Python 2.5.1, thus you won’t have to install it. You can verify this by running python in your shell (use exit() to get out of the python shell). What you need to do is inform Python about the location of your django_trunk directory. To do this create the following file:
Within this file, place only one line containing the path to your django_trunk folder. In my case, this is:
Of course, change it to the full path location of the directory on your filesystem.
Add django-admin.py to your PATH
The bin directory within the django folder (which is inside django_trunk itself) contains several management utilities. We need therefore to add the following to the PATH (again, change it to your own location):
How you go about doing this, depends on the shell you are using, and I’m assuming you are able to export a shell variable on your own. In case you are using the bash shell (as I do) you could export it in .bashrc. Alternatively, you could just create a symlink to the utility django-admin.py in /usr/bin, but I recommend the former approach.
Install PostgreSQL and Psycopg2
sudo apt-get install postgresql pgadmin3 python-psycopg2
This will install PostgreSQL 8.2.5, PgAdmin III and the driver Psycopg2 for you. Most people at this point will ask, what’s the default password for PostgreSQL on Ubuntu? You can use the following instructions to set the password for the user postgres both in Ubuntu and within PostgreSQL:
sudo su -
The last instruction should open the psql shell, where you can run the following:
ALTER USER postgres WITH ENCRYPTED PASSWORD 'mypassword';
Verify the installation
You should be all set now, but let’s verify this right away. Open the shell and run the following instructions inside the python shell (start off with the python command).
>>> import django
>>> print django.VERSION
(0, 97, 'pre')
>>> import psycopg2
By running exit() get out of the python shell, and verify that django-admin.py is in your path:
Type 'django-admin.py help' for usage.
If you obtain a similar output for all three of them, you are really set.
Where to go from here
Now that Django is installed, you can go read the Django Book 1.0 that’s available for free online. Something equally well done and useful is really missing from the Rails community. Above all, experiment, Django (and programming in general) is learnt by doing. The Definitive Guide to Django: Web Development Done Right is also available for purchase in its deadtree version, which just came out. It’s cheap and it’s already a best seller on Amazon. Despite the availably of a free version online, I like having paper versions of tech books so that I can read without staring at the monitor. Furthermore, I feel like rewarding the authors (who are also the framework creators), while encouraging publishing companies that are willing to allow authors to make their books available for free on the web. Well done guys!